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香港正版资料,Thetermmiddle-incometrap,firstusedbytheWorldBankin2006,referstoastage-generally,slowergrowth-aneconomyreachesafterbecomingamiddle-incomesociety.Themiddle-incometrap,assuch,reflectstheinadaptabilityoftheindustrialdevelopmentmodel.Globalizationhasallowedacountry'sindustrializationtobeweighedintermsofinternalindustrializationandexternalindustrialization.Andoncethenegativefactorsimpedethedevelopmentofinternalindustrialization,externalindustrialization,moreorless,prevails.Developedcountrieshavealmostalwaysexportedcapitalthroughdirectinvestment,capitaloutflowsorcross-bordercooperationtocheckthedeclineinprofitsbecauseofincreasingdomesticwages.Suchkindofexternalindustrializationhashelpedacceleratemanydevelopingcountries'domesticindustrialization.Still,manyemergingeconomiesremainatthelow-endoftheglobalindustrialvaluechainbecauseahugeamountofsurplusvalueistransferredthroughthecirculationofcommodities,capitalandfinancetothedevelopedeconomies.Thispreventsdevelopingcountries'comparativeincomelevelfromincreasingeveniftheirindustrializationprocessandproductivitycontinuetorise.Besides,developingcountriesareforcedtoparticipateinacompetitionoflow-levelindustrybasedoncomparativeadvantageinlaborcost,whichgraduallyreducesprofits.AccordingtotheWorldBank'sstatistics,only13outofthe101middle-incomeeconomiessince1960havemanagedtoreachthehigh-incomestage.Internationalpracticesshowthekeytoavoidingthemiddle-incometrapistorapidlyincreasethecompetitivenessandaccumulationofaneconomy'sindustrialcapital,inordertoclearthebottleneckspreventingincomesfromrisingandtoacceleratethetransitionfromamiddle-incometoahigh-incomeeconomy.Withouttheaccumulationofsufficientdomesticindustrialcapital,itisdifficultforaneconomytobreakfreefromthecapitalaccumulationsystemdominatedbyinternationalcapital;itcouldevenmarginalizetheeconomyininternationalcompetition.Althoughtherearemanyenterprisesandindustrieswithhugecapacities,evenovercapacity,inChina,theirindustrialcapitalaccumulation,ingeneral,hasnotbeenhighandtheirinternationalcompetitivenessnotstrongenough.Andinrecentyears,excessivefinancializationhasunderminedtheaccumulationofdomesticindustrialcapital.ToincreasethequalityandcompetitivenessofChina'sindustrialcapitalaccumulation,weshouldfirstincreasethequalityfactorsofcapital.Theaccumulationofindustrialcapitalespeciallyproductivecapitalmainlydependsontheaccumulationofmaterial,humanresourcesandtechnologicalfactors.Andqualityfactorssuchashighlyskilledlaborersandadvancedtechnologycanincreaseproducts'addedvalueandimprovetheirpositionintheinternationaldivisionoflabor.Toenhancesuchqualityfactors,weshouldincreaseinvestmentinfieldssuchastechnology,whichhasbecomeanincreasinglyimportantfactordeterminingthecompetitivenessofenterprisesandcountries.Increasinginvestmentintechnology,especiallyintechnologicalinnovation,willpromoteindustrializationandhelpaccumulateproductivecapital.Moreover,thereisneedtoestablishacombinationmechanismforcapitalinthefinancialandindustrialsectors,inordertoprovidestrongfinancialandsocialcapitalsupportfortheaccumulationofproductivecapital.Withtherapiddevelopmentofglobalization,capital'ssupportiveroleintherealeconomyhasreduced.Tosupporttheintegrativedevelopmentofcapitalinthefinancialandothersectors,measureshavetobetakentohelpfinancialandsocialcapitaltoplayagreaterroleintheaccumulationofindustrialcapitalandindustrialupgrading.Measuresneedtobetakenforpromotingtheinternationalizationofcapitalandselectivelyexportingandimportingit.Selectiveexportandimportofcapitalbasedontherequirementsofdomesticdevelopmentcouldpromotetheaccumulationofqualityindustrialcapitalandimprovethepositionofdomesticindustriesintheinternationalindustrialvaluechain,whichwillultimatelyleadtostableandbalancedinternationalcirculation.TheauthorisaneconomicsprofessorofRenminUniversityofChina.

2017-04-1410:06:57要完善医联体内部分工协作机制。

”……

Thetermmiddle-incometrap,firstusedbytheWorldBankin2006,referstoastage-generally,slowergrowth-aneconomyreachesafterbecomingamiddle-incomesociety.Themiddle-incometrap,assuch,reflectstheinadaptabilityoftheindustrialdevelopmentmodel.Globalizationhasallowedacountry'sindustrializationtobeweighedintermsofinternalindustrializationandexternalindustrialization.Andoncethenegativefactorsimpedethedevelopmentofinternalindustrialization,externalindustrialization,moreorless,prevails.Developedcountrieshavealmostalwaysexportedcapitalthroughdirectinvestment,capitaloutflowsorcross-bordercooperationtocheckthedeclineinprofitsbecauseofincreasingdomesticwages.Suchkindofexternalindustrializationhashelpedacceleratemanydevelopingcountries'domesticindustrialization.Still,manyemergingeconomiesremainatthelow-endoftheglobalindustrialvaluechainbecauseahugeamountofsurplusvalueistransferredthroughthecirculationofcommodities,capitalandfinancetothedevelopedeconomies.Thispreventsdevelopingcountries'comparativeincomelevelfromincreasingeveniftheirindustrializationprocessandproductivitycontinuetorise.Besides,developingcountriesareforcedtoparticipateinacompetitionoflow-levelindustrybasedoncomparativeadvantageinlaborcost,whichgraduallyreducesprofits.AccordingtotheWorldBank'sstatistics,only13outofthe101middle-incomeeconomiessince1960havemanagedtoreachthehigh-incomestage.Internationalpracticesshowthekeytoavoidingthemiddle-incometrapistorapidlyincreasethecompetitivenessandaccumulationofaneconomy'sindustrialcapital,inordertoclearthebottleneckspreventingincomesfromrisingandtoacceleratethetransitionfromamiddle-incometoahigh-incomeeconomy.Withouttheaccumulationofsufficientdomesticindustrialcapital,itisdifficultforaneconomytobreakfreefromthecapitalaccumulationsystemdominatedbyinternationalcapital;itcouldevenmarginalizetheeconomyininternationalcompetition.Althoughtherearemanyenterprisesandindustrieswithhugecapacities,evenovercapacity,inChina,theirindustrialcapitalaccumulation,ingeneral,hasnotbeenhighandtheirinternationalcompetitivenessnotstrongenough.Andinrecentyears,excessivefinancializationhasunderminedtheaccumulationofdomesticindustrialcapital.ToincreasethequalityandcompetitivenessofChina'sindustrialcapitalaccumulation,weshouldfirstincreasethequalityfactorsofcapital.Theaccumulationofindustrialcapitalespeciallyproductivecapitalmainlydependsontheaccumulationofmaterial,humanresourcesandtechnologicalfactors.Andqualityfactorssuchashighlyskilledlaborersandadvancedtechnologycanincreaseproducts'addedvalueandimprovetheirpositionintheinternationaldivisionoflabor.Toenhancesuchqualityfactors,weshouldincreaseinvestmentinfieldssuchastechnology,whichhasbecomeanincreasinglyimportantfactordeterminingthecompetitivenessofenterprisesandcountries.Increasinginvestmentintechnology,especiallyintechnologicalinnovation,willpromoteindustrializationandhelpaccumulateproductivecapital.Moreover,thereisneedtoestablishacombinationmechanismforcapitalinthefinancialandindustrialsectors,inordertoprovidestrongfinancialandsocialcapitalsupportfortheaccumulationofproductivecapital.Withtherapiddevelopmentofglobalization,capital'ssupportiveroleintherealeconomyhasreduced.Tosupporttheintegrativedevelopmentofcapitalinthefinancialandothersectors,measureshavetobetakentohelpfinancialandsocialcapitaltoplayagreaterroleintheaccumulationofindustrialcapitalandindustrialupgrading.Measuresneedtobetakenforpromotingtheinternationalizationofcapitalandselectivelyexportingandimportingit.Selectiveexportandimportofcapitalbasedontherequirementsofdomesticdevelopmentcouldpromotetheaccumulationofqualityindustrialcapitalandimprovethepositionofdomesticindustriesintheinternationalindustrialvaluechain,whichwillultimatelyleadtostableandbalancedinternationalcirculation.TheauthorisaneconomicsprofessorofRenminUniversityofChina.

只有这样,“四面楚歌”的化肥行业才能打赢这场突围之战。

对此,王毅18日表示,我们欢迎印度参与共建“一带一路”。

6月底前各省份都要明确推进医联体建设的工作方案,年内综合医改试点省的每个地市以及分级诊疗试点城市至少建成一个有明显成效的医联体。

TimClancy,fromAustralia,paysabillwithhissmartphoneatarestaurantinHangzhou,Zhejiangprovince,onFriday.[PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily]AntFinancialServicesGroupsaidonMondayitwillextenditsindigenousmobilepaymenttechnologiestoeconomiesalongtheBeltandRoadInitiativeandunveilanumberofAlipay-likeservicesthisyear.Theplanmarksthecompany'sacceleratedpaceinexpandingglobally,addingtotheexistingfiveAsianmarketswherethefinancialtechnologypowerhousehasannouncedinvestmentplanssince2015."Technologyexportswilleffectivelysavefivetoeightyears'timeofourlocalpartnersindevelopingnewtechnologiesandconductingfeasibilitytests,"saidJiaHang,seniordirectorofinternationalbusinessatAntFinancial.ThefirmiscountingonpartnersoutsideChinatobringitsmodelofonlinefinanceandlocalservicestoemergingAsianmarkets,whereasubstantialnumberofthepopulationhavenoaccesstobankingservicesandareunderservedbytraditionalfinancialinstitutions.Throughstrategicinvestments,thecompanycantapintothevastresourcesofoneoftheworld'smostpopulousregions,Jianoted.Forinstance,itsinvestmentinThailand'sAscendMoney,anarmoftheagricultural-to-telecomconglomerate,cangivethemaccesstolocalusersandmerchants.Initslatestoverseasmove,AntFinanciallinkedupthismonthwithIndonesia'ssecond-largestmediafirmEmtektoformapaymentplatformwithinBlackBerry'smessagingservice,whichcovers63millionusersinthecountry.Thecompanyhopestoserve2billionusersgloballywithinadecade.Toachievethatgoal,itprovidesafamiliarpaymentoptiontoChineseoutboundtravelersandhelpforeignpartnersbuildtechnicalinfrastructureandsolutionsforlocalpurposes."Indevelopedcountries,weprioritizecross-bordersettlementsforinternationalmerchantsbecauseoftheirunmetneedstoselltomorecustomers.Indevelopingareaswetargetunderservedindividuals,"Jiasaid.AntFinancial'seffortrepresentsagenuinebreakthroughinbusinessknow-howandputtingtheidealofinclusivefinanceintopractice,saidXuYuan,aprofessorattheNationalSchoolofDevelopmentatPekingUniversity.TheoverseasexpansioniscreatingsynergiesforitsparentAlibabaGroupHoldingLtd,whosee-commercebusiness,logisticsnetworksandcloudcomputingservicesareallmakinginroadsinSoutheastAsia.

公益中国爱心联盟领导机构名誉主席:布赫(九届全国人大常委会副委员长)铁木尔达瓦买提(九届全国人大常委会副委员长)曹志(九届全国人大常委会副委员长)孙孚凌(九届全国政协副主席)主席:郝盛琦(中共中央办公厅原副主任)顾问:张全景(中共中央组织部原部长)甘子玉(国家十一五规划专家委主任)朱良(中共中央对外联络部原部长)邹瑜(司法部原部长)胡富国(中共山西省委原书记)袁木(国务院研究室原主任)郑拓彬(对外经济贸易部原部长)李力安(黑龙江省委原书记)赵宗鼐(中共中央组织部原常务副部长)邵华泽(中国记协名誉主席)陈邦柱(原国内贸易部部长)陈耀邦(农业部原部长)曲格平(原国家环境保护局局长)万绍芬(中共中央统战部原常务副部长)于明涛(国家审计署原审计长)徐志坚(国务院参事室原主任)刘吉(国务院首批稽查特派员)周克玉(总后勤部原政委、上将)裴周玉(开国少将北京军区原副政委)张序三(海军原副司令员、中将)陈虹(民政部原副部长)解思忠(国务院国资委监事会原主席)李晋有(国家民委原副主任)杨培青(国家工商局原党组书记)高占祥(文化部原副部长)庄炎林(中华全国侨联原主席)龚心瀚(中共中央宣传部原副部长)谭云鹤(卫生部原副部长)张文范(民政部原副部长)杨海波(教育部原常务副部长)李滔(教育部原副部长)吕志先(文化部原副部长)张磐(国务院发展研究中心原主任)许林枫(农业部原副部长)姜习(原国家商业部部长)郭树言(国务院三峡办原主任)戴生龙(国家保密局原局长)刘广运(原国家林业部副部长)李赣骝(民革中央原副主席)陈洁(外经贸部原副部长)张绍贤(原电力部副部长)蒋毅(全国总工会原副主席)胡熙明(卫生部原副部长)程飞(外经贸原副部长)同向荣(广电部原副部长)谢高觉(中国通信企业协会会长)任景德(国家审计署原纪检组长)刘平源(原国家信息产业部副部长)郑道中(国家信访局原局长)杨贵(公安部原副部长)潘振宙(文化部原副部长)王文同(公安部原副部长)苏杰(铁道部原副部长)杨波(原轻工业部部长)胡平(商业部原部长)谢华(军事医学科学院副院长)宋树有(农业部原副部长)万海峰(将军、成都军区原政委)胡之光(公安部原副部长)顾金池(原辽宁省委书记)郭献瑞(原国家商业部副部长)徐才(原国家体委副主任)刘恕(中国科协原副主席)杨利民(交通部原纪检组组长)华楠(总政治部原副主任)姚雪森(将军、海军航空兵副司令)刘毅(原国家旅游局局长)贾光禄(中共中央直属机关工会原主席)曲琪玉(中共中央管理局原副局长)秘书长:吴仕鹏(中国网公益中国频道新闻总监、主编)

,一名高级政府行政官员就将此次乌龙归咎为五角大楼和白宫之间的沟通失误。

Woodfashionedintolaceandsculptedintoeveningdresses:TheHanaeMoriManuscritlabelledthewaythisTokyoFashionWeekinshowingtheworldtheoriginalcraftsmanshipthathelpssetJapanapartfromthecrowd.Dressesofpersimmon-woodlacepairedwithsoftfallingblackfabricwerethestaroftheshowatdesignerYuAmatsu'sautumn/winter2017collectionforthebrandthatleftfashionistasgiddywithexcitement.Discsofchestnutandwalnutwereusedonadressofinterlockingtriangularpanels,homagetoIsseyMiyake'siconicBaoBaobag,whilewoodwasfashionedintosleevetiesanddelicatebutterflyhairpieces.Japanisfamousforhigh-techandspecialtyfabrics,whichnotonlysupplythelikesofChanelandothercelebratedcouturehouses,butalsoprovideconstantlyshiftinginspirationforhomegrowndesigners.MishaJanette,aTokyo-basedstylist,creativedirectorandbloggerwhohaslivedinJapansince2004,saysJapanesefashionwasoftenlessaboutentertainmentandmorethoughtfulwith"amazing"material."They'rekeenonworkingwithyoungdesignerstocreatenewfabrics...thatsetsthemapart,"shesays."Eachlittlevillagehasitsownspecialkindoffabric."

ProgresstowardcloserChina-UKties,highlightedbythestatevisittoBritainofPresidentXiJinpingin2015,wasatleastinpartdrivenbyBritain'sroleasakeymemberoftheEUandbyLondon'sstatusasagatewaytomarketsintherestofEurope.AstheMaygovernmentembarksonnegotiationstodefinethefuturerelationshipwiththeEU,manyofBritain'stradingpartnershavedecidedtoadopta"glasshalffull"stancethathighlightsthepotentialbenefitsofitsdeparturefromthebloc.AmongtheexpertspreparedtolendanoteofoptimismtoBritain'sfutureprospectsisLiRuogu,formerchairmanoftheExport-ImportBankofChina,whorecentlysaidattheBoaoForumforAsiainHainanprovincethatBrexitwouldpaveanewpathforfreetradebetweenChinaandtheUK."AfterBrexit,ChinaandUKtrademaygetfreer,especiallyinfinancialservices,"Lisaid,addingthat,althoughtheUKisnotabigcountrywithalargepopulation,itmaintainsanadvantageinareassuchasfinancialservices.Britain'stradingpartnersoutsidetheEUwouldprobablystillprefertoseea"soft"Brexit,whichwouldpreserveitsgatewaystatustoEurope'sgoodsandfinancialmarkets.However,thereisrecognitionthatpost-BrexitBritainwouldfullyembracefreetradeincontrasttothegrowthofprotectionismelsewhere.EvenwhilewithintheEU,BritainhasresistedtheimpositionofpunitivemeasuresagainstChinesesteelexports.Intheory,BritishandChinesetradenegotiatorscoulduseaclosebilateralrelationshiptotheiradvantagetowinconcessionsfromtheEU.Inpractice,thecontinuingstrengthofChineseinvestmentintheUKindicatesChinaisnotabouttoabandonapost-BrexitBritain.AstheUKembarksontwoyearsoftoughbargainingwiththeEUonthetermsofitsdeparture,leadingpro-BrexitvoicesarelaudingthebenefitsoftheUKgoingitalone.BritishindustrialistJamesDyson,aprominent"leaver",recentlysaidhewas"enormouslyoptimistic"aboutfutureUKtradewiththerestoftheworld,particularlyAsia.Hiscommentscameafterhiscompany,famousforitsinnovativevacuumcleaners,announcedprofitsof£631million($792million)lastyear,driveninpartby244percentgrowthinsalestoChina.Dyson'sprofitsareausefulexamplefortheBrexitcamptoshowthatBritaincanthriveonceithaslefttheEUbystrengtheningitstieswithmarketsbeyondEurope.Elsewhere,pro-Brexitersarescratchingaroundslightlymoredesperatelyforgoodnewstojustifythedecisiontodistancethecountryfromitsbiggestmarket.AmemberoftheUKParliamentsaidrecentlythatBrexitwouldprovideanopportunityforBritishfarmerstoincreasesalesofchickenfeettoChina,becausetheyareconsideredadelicacyinthatcountry.ThewriterisaseniormediaconsultantforChinaDailyUK.

TheanticipatedC919,thelargehomegrownpassengerjet,passeditslastflyingreviewonTuesdaybeforeitsmaidenflight.Meanwhile,itcompletedthesecondhigh-speedtaxiingtest,whichwasconductedonlytwodaysafterthefirsthigh-speedtaxiingtest.Shanghai-basedState-ownedCommercialAircraftCorpofChinaLtd,theC919'smanufacturer,saidaftertheplanecompletesallthehigh-speedtaxiingtests,thecompanywillchooseadatetoconductitsfirstflight.B787ofBoeingCoandA350ofAirbusGroupSE,bothwide-bodyplanes,requiredabout10high-speedtaxiingtests.Twenty-fiveexpertswhocomefromChineseAcademyofSciences,ChineseAcademyofEngineering,theCivilAviationAdministrationofChinaandCOMAC,discussedandreviewedhowpreparationsweregoingwiththeC919.TheexpertevaluationpanelallbelievedthatC919wouldpassalltheflyingtests,conductingitsflightsoonafter.Thismeanstheplaneisjustonestepawayfromitsmaidenflight.WangYanan,editor-in-chiefofAerospaceKnowledgemagazine,saidhigh-speedtaxiingtestsareusuallyconductedatspeedsof230to260kmperhour,withthefrontlandinggearslightlyliftedtosimulatetakeoff."Itishardtoevaluatetheintervalsbetweeneachhigh-speedtaxiingtest.Itcouldbetwotothreedaysoroneweek.Itcouldbeveryfastifeverythingwentrightandnobigtechnicalfaultsoccurred,"Wangsaid.TheC919isacommercialaircraftformedium-haulflightswith168seatsandtwinenginejet.ThehomemadeplaneisexpectedtocompetewiththeupdatedAirbus320andthenew-generationB737,whichcurrentlydominatethemarket.

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